Need help understanding this parsing method???

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IcarusLives
Posts: 97
Joined: 17 Jan 2016 23:55

Need help understanding this parsing method???

#1 Post by IcarusLives » 25 Nov 2018 21:30

Hello everyone

Has anyone heard from einstein1969? I have a script he wrote, and as I'm looking through the code I find something I don't quite understand, and was hoping someone could explain it to me.

Here is einstein1969's Heartbeat.bat, works perfectly fine here on win10.

Code: Select all

@echo off

setlocal EnableDelayedExpansion

if not "%1"=="" goto :%1

color 0f
mode 72,71
chcp 850
ping -n 2 127.0.0.1 >nul

"%~f0" HB 24 10 | find "TTL" | "%~f0" MAIN 4

exit /b

:MAIN

for /f "delims==" %%v in ('set') do set "%%v="

set /A "xres=70, yres=70

  for /l %%y in (1 1 !yres!) do (
    set "Lines%%y="
    for /l %%x in (1 1 !xres!) do set "lines%%y=!lines%%y! "
  )

set g=.Û

:: PI=31416

set "SIN=a-a*a/1920*a/312500+a*a/1920*a/15625*a/15625*a/2560000-a*a/1875*a/15360*a/15625*a/15625*a/16000*a/44800000"
set "SIN(x)=(a=(x)%%62832, c=(a>>31|1)*a, a-=(((c-47125)>>31)+1)*((a>>31|1)*62832)  +  (-((c-47125)>>31))*( (((c-15709)>>31)+1)*(-(a>>31|1)*31416+2*a)  ), %SIN%)"
set "SIN="

set /A Angle=0, Radius=xres/2-2

set t0=%time%

(

Rem Empty Env, use percent expand.
set SIN(x^)=
set xres=
set yres=
set Radius=

for /L %%N in (0) do (

   set/p =
   set/p =

   set /a "t=1!time:~6,2!!time:~9,2!-10000, dt=t-(oldt+0), dt+=(dt>>31)&6000" >NUL
   if !dt! geq %2 (

        cls & for /l %%? in (1, 1,%yres%) do echo( !Lines%%?!

        for /F "tokens=1-8 delims=:.," %%a in ("%t0: =0%:!time: =0!") do set /a "a=(((1%%e-1%%a)*60)+1%%f-1%%b)*6000+1%%g%%h-1%%c%%d, a+=(a>>31) & 8640000, angle=a/2"

        rem set /A Angle+=3

        For /L %%y in (0,1,%yres%) do (

          set Lines%%y=!Lines%%y:°= !
          set Lines%%y=!Lines%%y:±=°!
          set Lines%%y=!Lines%%y:²=±!
          set Lines%%y=!Lines%%y:Û=²!

        )

        set /A "x1=%Xres%/2, y1=%Yres%/2, x2=%Xres%/2+%SIN(x):x=15708-Angle*31416/180%*%Radius%/10000, Y2=%Yres%/2+%SIN(x):x=Angle*31416/180%*%Radius%/10000, dx=x2-x1, dx=dx*(dx>>31|1), dy=y2-y1, dy=dy*(dy>>31|1)"

        if !dy! leq !dx! (
          if !x2! lss !x1! set /A t=x2, x2=x1, x1=t, t=y2, y2=y1, y1=t
    
          if !y2! gtr !y1! (
            set /A yincr=1
          ) else set /A yincr=-1

          set /a "d=2*dy-dx, Eincr=2*dy, NEincr=2*(dy-dx)"

          For /F usebackq^ tokens^=1-3 %%x in ('!x1! !y1! 1') do set c=!Lines%%y:~%%x!& set "Lines%%y=!Lines%%y:~0,%%x!!g:~%%z,1!!c:~1!"

          set /A x1+=1
          for /L %%X in (!x1!,1,!x2!) do (
            if !d! lss 0 (
               set /A d+=Eincr
            ) else set /A d+=NEincr, y1+=yincr
    
            For /F usebackq^ tokens^=1-3 %%x in ('%%X !y1! 1') do set c=!Lines%%y:~%%x!& set "Lines%%y=!Lines%%y:~0,%%x!!g:~%%z,1!!c:~1!"

          )
        ) else (
          if !y2! lss !y1! set /A t=x2, x2=x1, x1=t, t=y2, y2=y1, y1=t
          if !x2! gtr !x1! (
            set /A yincr=1
          ) else set /A yincr=-1
          set /a "d=2*dx-dy, Eincr=2*dx, NEincr=2*(dx-dy)"
  
          For /F usebackq^ tokens^=1-3 %%x in ('!x1! !y1! 1') do set c=!Lines%%y:~%%x!& set "Lines%%y=!Lines%%y:~0,%%x!!g:~%%z,1!!c:~1!"

          set /a y1+=1
          for /L %%Y in (!y1!,1,!y2!) do (
            if !d! lss 0 (
              set /a d+=Eincr
            ) else set /A d+=NEincr, x1+=yincr
            For /F usebackq^ tokens^=1-3 %%x in ('!x1! %%Y 1') do set c=!Lines%%y:~%%x!& set "Lines%%y=!Lines%%y:~0,%%x!!g:~%%z,1!!c:~1!"
          )
        )

        set /a oldt=t >NUL
     )
)

)
exit/b


:HB

for /L %%N in (0,1,%2) do (

    pathping -n -q 1 -p %3 127.0.0.1 >nul
    start "HBPING" /B ping -n %2 127.0.0.1

)

for /L %%N in (0) do (

    ping -n 2 127.0.0.1 >nul
    start "HBPING" /B ping -n %2 127.0.0.1

)

exit /b
But the bit that I don't understand it this piece here

Code: Select all

For /F usebackq^ tokens^=1-3 %%x in ('!x1! !y1! 1') do set c=!Lines%%y:~%%x!& set "Lines%%y=!Lines%%y:~0,%%x!!g:~%%z,1!!c:~1!"

But more particularly this portion

For /F usebackq^ tokens^=1-3
Why the carets there??

ShadowThief
Expert
Posts: 867
Joined: 06 Sep 2013 21:28
Location: Virginia, United States

Re: Need help understanding this parsing method???

#2 Post by ShadowThief » 25 Nov 2018 22:08

The carets are because of the lack of quotes in the for loop options. Ordinarily it would be

Code: Select all

For /F "usebackq tokens=1-3" %%x
but it isn't here because... I'm really not sure. I can't find the specific version of the code that you're using. Presumably it's for performance optimization, but I can't be sure.

Ed Dyreen
Expert
Posts: 1527
Joined: 16 May 2011 08:21
Location: Flanders(Belgium)
Contact:

Re: Need help understanding this parsing method???

#3 Post by Ed Dyreen » 25 Nov 2018 22:15

IcarusLives wrote:
25 Nov 2018 21:30
But the bit that I don't understand it this piece here

Code: Select all

For /F usebackq^ tokens^=1-3 %%x in ('!x1! !y1! 1') do set c=!Lines%%y:~%%x!& set "Lines%%y=!Lines%%y:~0,%%x!!g:~%%z,1!!c:~1!"

But more particularly this portion

For /F usebackq^ tokens^=1-3
Why the carets there??
Syntax is For /F "options" %variable IN... so options has to be quoted or special characters escaped. So the code above is correct.

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