DOS Batch - Date and Time

Using date and time functions in DOS.



TOP
2009-03-30

File age in days - Convert the file date into Julian Days to determine the age of a file age in days

Description:

Date and Time functions are useful for:

  • Calculations with date and time values
  • Determine the age of files in days
  • Determine the date difference in days

The example in this section demonstrates how to use the :ftime function to determine the age in days of all files in the temp directory.

Two variables are used

  • tnow - stores the current day in julian days format by calling :jdate
  • tfile - stores the file date in julian days format by calling :ftime

Using Delayed Expansion and exclamation marks around environment variables ensures that the `tfile`variable is substituted properly during each loop. Read more about this behavior in the SET command help (bottom half of the help text).

Script: Download: BatchFTime.bat  
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@echo off
SETLOCAL ENABLEEXTENSIONS
SETLOCAL ENABLEDELAYEDEXPANSION

cd /d "%temp%"

call:jdate tnow "%date%"
for %%F in (*.*) do (
    call:ftime tfile "%%F"
    set /a diff=tnow-tfile
    echo.%%~nxF is !diff! days old
)

ECHO.&PAUSE&GOTO:EOF


::-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
::-- Functions start below here
::-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------


:ftime JD filename attr -- returns the file time in julian days
::                      -- JD    [out]    - valref file time in julian days
::                      -- attr  [in,opt] - time field to be used, creation/last-access/last-write, see 'dir /?', i.e. /tc, /ta, /tw, default is /tw
:$created 20060101 :$changed 20090322 :$categories DateAndTime
:$source http://www.dostips.com
SETLOCAL
set file=%~2
set attr=%~3
if not defined attr (call:jdate JD "- %~t2"
) ELSE (for /f %%a in ('"dir %attr% /-c "%file%"|findstr "^^[0-9]""') do call:jdate JD "%%a")
( ENDLOCAL & REM RETURN VALUES
    IF "%~1" NEQ "" (SET %~1=%JD%) ELSE (echo.%JD%)
)
EXIT /b


:jdate JD DateStr -- converts a date string to julian day number with respect to regional date format
::                -- JD      [out,opt] - julian days
::                -- DateStr [in,opt]  - date string, e.g. "03/31/2006" or "Fri 03/31/2006" or "31.3.2006"
:$reference http://groups.google.com/group/alt.msdos.batch.nt/browse_frm/thread/a0c34d593e782e94/50ed3430b6446af8#50ed3430b6446af8
:$created 20060101 :$changed 20080219
:$source http://www.dostips.com
SETLOCAL
set DateStr=%~2&if "%~2"=="" set DateStr=%date%
for /f "skip=1 tokens=2-4 delims=(-)" %%a in ('"echo.|date"') do (
    for /f "tokens=1-3 delims=/.- " %%A in ("%DateStr:* =%") do (
        set %%a=%%A&set %%b=%%B&set %%c=%%C))
set /a "yy=10000%yy% %%10000,mm=100%mm% %% 100,dd=100%dd% %% 100"
set /a JD=dd-32075+1461*(yy+4800+(mm-14)/12)/4+367*(mm-2-(mm-14)/12*12)/12-3*((yy+4900+(mm-14)/12)/100)/4
ENDLOCAL & IF "%~1" NEQ "" (SET %~1=%JD%) ELSE (echo.%JD%)
EXIT /b
Script Output:
 DOS Script Output
00000002.ini is 42 days old
ActivePerlInstall.log is 39 days old
BatchJDate.bat is 0 days old
control.xml is 34 days old
debugf.txt is 26 days old
DFC5A2B2.TMP is 3 days old
EML30.tmp is 2 days old
EML39.tmp is 2 days old
EML3D.tmp is 2 days old
EXCEL.log is 20 days old
fdm9E1.tmp is 39 days old
gtb2C4.tmp is 62 days old
tmp.cab is 62 days old - gtb2
h2rC95.tmp is 36 days old
hpodvd09.log is 1 days old
hpzcoi00.log is 7 days old
hpzcoi01.log is 7 days old
hpzcoi02.log is 7 days old
hpzcoi03.log is 7 days old
IMT10.xml is 73 days old
IMT11.xml is 73 days old
IMT12.xml is 73 days old
IMT13.xml is 73 days old
IMT14.xml is 73 days old
IMT2B.xml is 73 days old
IMTF.xml is 73 days old
java_install_reg.log is 7 days old
jusched.log is 1 days old
LSBurnWatcher.log is 1 days old
msohdinh.tmp is 62 days old
patch.exe is 850 days old
patchw32.dll is 850 days old
r2hC94.tmp is 36 days old

Press any key to continue . . .

TOP
2008-02-19

:DeleteIfOld - deletes file or directory if older than given number of days

Description: call:DeleteIfOld name days tnow
Dependencies: :ftime
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:DeleteIfOld name days tnow -- deletes file or directory if older than given number of days
::                          -- name [in] - name of file or directory
::                          -- days [in] - number of days to expire
::                          -- tnow [in] - today's date in julia days
:$created 20060101 :$changed 20080219 :$categories DateAndTime,FileOperation
:$source www.DosTips.com
SETLOCAL
set "days=%~2"
set "tnow=%~3"
call:ftime tfile "%~1"
set /a "diff=tnow-tfile"
if %diff% LEQ %days% EXIT /b
set "attr=%~a1"
rem ECHO.%attr%, %attr:~0,1%, %~nx1 is %diff% days old
if /i "%attr:~0,1%"=="d" (
    rd /Q /S "%~1"
) ELSE (
    del /Q "%~1"
)
EXIT /b

TOP
2009-03-22

:ftime - returns the file time in julian days

Description: call:ftime JD filename attr
Dependencies: :jdate
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:ftime JD filename attr -- returns the file time in julian days
::                      -- JD    [out]    - valref file time in julian days
::                      -- attr  [in,opt] - time field to be used, creation/last-access/last-write, see 'dir /?', i.e. /tc, /ta, /tw, default is /tw
:$created 20060101 :$changed 20090322 :$categories DateAndTime
:$source http://www.dostips.com
SETLOCAL
set file=%~2
set attr=%~3
if not defined attr (call:jdate JD "- %~t2"
) ELSE (for /f %%a in ('"dir %attr% /-c "%file%"|findstr "^^[0-9]""') do call:jdate JD "%%a")
( ENDLOCAL & REM RETURN VALUES
    IF "%~1" NEQ "" (SET %~1=%JD%) ELSE (echo.%JD%)
)
EXIT /b

TOP
2008-02-19

:date2jdate - converts a gregorian calender date to julian day format

Description: call:date2jdate JD YYYY MM DD
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:date2jdate JD YYYY MM DD -- converts a gregorian calender date to julian day format
::                        -- JD   [out] - julian days
::                        -- YYYY [in]  - gregorian year, i.e. 2006
::                        -- MM   [in]  - gregorian month, i.e. 12 for december
::                        -- DD   [in]  - gregorian day, i.e. 31
:$reference http://aa.usno.navy.mil/faq/docs/JD_Formula.html
:$created 20060101 :$changed 20080219 :$categories DateAndTime
:$source http://www.dostips.com
SETLOCAL
set "yy=%~2"&set "mm=%~3"&set "dd=%~4"
set /a "yy=10000%yy% %%10000,mm=100%mm% %% 100,dd=100%dd% %% 100"
if %yy% LSS 100 set /a yy+=2000 &rem Adds 2000 to two digit years
set /a JD=dd-32075+1461*(yy+4800+(mm-14)/12)/4+367*(mm-2-(mm-14)/12*12)/12-3*((yy+4900+(mm-14)/12)/100)/4
ENDLOCAL & IF "%~1" NEQ "" (SET %~1=%JD%) ELSE (echo.%JD%)
EXIT /b

TOP
2009-03-28

:jdate - converts a date string to julian day number with respect to regional date format

Description: call:jdate JD DateStr
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:jdate JD DateStr -- converts a date string to julian day number with respect to regional date format
::                -- JD      [out,opt] - julian days
::                -- DateStr [in,opt]  - date string, e.g. "03/31/2006" or "Fri 03/31/2006" or "31.3.2006"
:$reference http://groups.google.com/group/alt.msdos.batch.nt/browse_frm/thread/a0c34d593e782e94/50ed3430b6446af8#50ed3430b6446af8
:$created 20060101 :$changed 20090328 :$categories DateAndTime
:$source http://www.dostips.com
SETLOCAL
set DateStr=%~2&if "%~2"=="" set DateStr=%date%
for /f "skip=1 tokens=2-4 delims=(-)" %%a in ('"echo.|date"') do (
    for /f "tokens=1-3 delims=/.- " %%A in ("%DateStr:* =%") do (
        set %%a=%%A&set %%b=%%B&set %%c=%%C))
set /a "yy=10000%yy% %%10000,mm=100%mm% %% 100,dd=100%dd% %% 100"
if %yy% LSS 100 set /a yy+=2000 &rem Adds 2000 to two digit years
set /a JD=dd-32075+1461*(yy+4800+(mm-14)/12)/4+367*(mm-2-(mm-14)/12*12)/12-3*((yy+4900+(mm-14)/12)/100)/4
ENDLOCAL & IF "%~1" NEQ "" (SET %~1=%JD%) ELSE (echo.%JD%)
EXIT /b

TOP
2008-02-19

:jdate2date - converts julian days to gregorian date format

Description: call:jdate2date JD YYYY MM DD
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:jdate2date JD YYYY MM DD -- converts julian days to gregorian date format
::                     -- JD   [in]  - julian days
::                     -- YYYY [out] - gregorian year, i.e. 2006
::                     -- MM   [out] - gregorian month, i.e. 12 for december
::                     -- DD   [out] - gregorian day, i.e. 31
:$reference http://aa.usno.navy.mil/faq/docs/JD_Formula.html
:$created 20060101 :$changed 20080219 :$categories DateAndTime
:$source http://www.dostips.com
SETLOCAL ENABLEDELAYEDEXPANSION
set /a L= %~1+68569,     N= 4*L/146097, L= L-(146097*N+3)/4, I= 4000*(L+1)/1461001
set /a L= L-1461*I/4+31, J= 80*L/2447,  K= L-2447*J/80,      L= J/11
set /a J= J+2-12*L,      I= 100*(N-49)+I+L
set /a YYYY= I,  MM=100+J,  DD=100+K
set MM=%MM:~-2%
set DD=%DD:~-2%
( ENDLOCAL & REM RETURN VALUES
    IF "%~2" NEQ "" (SET %~2=%YYYY%) ELSE echo.%YYYY%
    IF "%~3" NEQ "" (SET %~3=%MM%) ELSE echo.%MM%
    IF "%~4" NEQ "" (SET %~4=%DD%) ELSE echo.%DD%
)
EXIT /b

TOP
2008-06-12

:dayOfYear - returns the day of the year, i.e. 1 for 1/1/2008, 266 for 12/31/2008

Description: call:dayOfYear JD DateStr
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:dayOfYear JD DateStr -- returns the day of the year, i.e. 1 for 1/1/2008, 266 for 12/31/2008
::                    -- day     [out,opt] - variable name to store resulting day of the year
::                    -- DateStr [in,opt]  - date string, e.g. "3/31/2006" or "Fri 03/31/2006" or "31.3.2006", or omit form current date
:$reference http://groups.google.com/group/alt.msdos.batch.nt/browse_frm/thread/a0c34d593e782e94/50ed3430b6446af8#50ed3430b6446af8
:$created 20080612 :$changed 20080612 :$categories DateAndTime
:$source http://www.dostips.com
SETLOCAL
set "DateStr=%~2"&if "%~2"=="" set "DateStr=%date%"
for /f "skip=1 tokens=2-4 delims=(-)" %%a in ('"echo.|date"') do (
    for /f "tokens=1-3 delims=/.- " %%A in ("%DateStr:* =%") do (
        set %%a=%%A&set %%b=%%B&set %%c=%%C))
set /a "yy=10000%yy% %%10000,mm=100%mm% %% 100,dd=100%dd% %% 100"
set /a JD=dd-32075+1461*(yy+4800+(mm-14)/12)/4+367*(mm-2-(mm-14)/12*12)/12-3*((yy+4900+(mm-14)/12)/100)/4
set /a "yy=10000%yy% %%10000,mm=1,dd=1"
set /a JD-=-1+dd-32075+1461*(yy+4800+(mm-14)/12)/4+367*(mm-2-(mm-14)/12*12)/12-3*((yy+4900+(mm-14)/12)/100)/4
ENDLOCAL & IF "%~1" NEQ "" (SET %~1=%JD%) ELSE (echo.%JD%)
EXIT /b

TOP
2008-02-19

:Unique - returns a unique string based on a date-time-stamp, YYYYMMDDhhmmsscc

Description: call:Unique ret
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:Unique ret -- returns a unique string based on a date-time-stamp, YYYYMMDDhhmmsscc
::          -- ret    [out,opt] - unique string
:$created 20060101 :$changed 20080219 :$categories StringOperation,DateAndTime
:$source http://www.dostips.com
SETLOCAL
for /f "skip=1 tokens=2-4 delims=(-)" %%a in ('"echo.|date"') do (
    for /f "tokens=1-3 delims=/.- " %%A in ("%date:* =%") do (
        set %%a=%%A&set %%b=%%B&set %%c=%%C))
set /a "yy=10000%yy% %%10000,mm=100%mm% %% 100,dd=100%dd% %% 100"
for /f "tokens=1-4 delims=:. " %%A in ("%time: =0%") do @set UNIQUE=%yy%%mm%%dd%%%A%%B%%C%%D
ENDLOCAL & IF "%~1" NEQ "" (SET %~1=%UNIQUE%) ELSE echo.%UNIQUE%
EXIT /b

TOP
2008-02-19

:CmpFTime - compares the time of two files, succeeds if condition is met, fails otherwise

Description: call:CmpFTime op file1 file2 attr1 attr2
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:CmpFTime op file1 file2 attr1 attr2 -- compares the time of two files, succeeds if condition is met, fails otherwise
::                  -- op    [in]     - compare operator, see 'IF /?', i.e.EQU, NEQ, LSS, LEQ, GTR, GEQ
::                  -- fileL [in]     - file name, left side of comparisation
::                  -- file2 [in]     - file name, right side of comparisation
::                  -- attrL [in,opt] - time field to be used for fileL, see 'dir /?', i.e. /tc, /ta, /tw, default is /tw
::                  -- attrR [in,opt] - time field to be used for fileR, default is attrL
:$created 20060101 :$changed 20080219 :$categories DateAndTime,FileOperation
:$source http://www.dostips.com
SETLOCAL
set op=%~1
set fileL=%~2
set fileR=%~3
set attrL=%~4
set attrR=%~5
if "%op%"=="" set op===
if "%attrL%"=="" set attrL=/tw
if "%attrR%"=="" set attrR=%attrL%
for /f "tokens=1-6 delims=/: " %%a in ('"dir %attrL% /-c "%fileL%"|findstr "^^[0-1]""') do (
    set TL=%%c%%a%%b%%f%%d%%e
)
for /f "tokens=1-6 delims=/: " %%a in ('"dir %attrR% /-c "%fileR%"|findstr "^^[0-1]""') do (
    set TR=%%c%%a%%b%%f%%d%%e
)
if "%TL%" %op% "%TR%" (rem.) ELSE set=2>NUL
EXIT /b